Category Archives: Kayaking

Kayaking: When Things Go Wrong on the River – And How to Get Out of a Hole

By Irene Dorang

From Irene’s Kayaking Blog

Scott Henderson posted a really poignant account a while ago on Professor Paddle about how he nearly didn’t make it out of a hole on the Middle Middle run on the Snoqualmie – a mostly Class III run with a pretty easy IV section that most of us Seattle-area paddlers are used to bombing after work without too much thought beforehand.

It’s really worth reading the thread  – not only because he shares a story that is not the easiest to share, but also because of the responses and advice that follows from other paddlers.  Here are some take-homes that I got from it.

Staying and Getting Out of Holes

Based on this and some other stories I’ve heard, some of the closest calls you might run into could be on “easy,” Class III-type water, and/or on a run that you’re really familiar with.  So don’t let your guard down.

If you’re stuck in a hole, balling up and letting yourself go deep instead of fighting the water should help you flush out.

From Scott’s post and one of the responses, it appears that if things go badly enough that you go limp, you also have a better chance of flushing out.  (Let’s not kid ourselves–this option really sucks.)

Kyle Kovalik posted something that I’ve heard is also helpful:  “If you can get flat… swim across the eddy line into the downstream current, rolling your body as you do (from a breast stroke to a back stroke or vice versa). This works best in flattish pourover-style holes.”

Practicing swimming in whitewater is a great idea.  Not fun (I personally suck at it and tend to swim five times farther than anyone else, not on purpose) but definitely useful.

This isn’t meant to be an exhaustive explanation of how to get out of holes, but I’ve also heard (and kind of experienced when my sprayskirt blew on Lunch Hole on the Sky a couple of days ago) that if you’re still in your boat, pulling your skirt and letting your boat fill with water is another way to possibly get out of a hydraulic.

Getting Back in the Game

Anyway, the main thing I got out of Scott’s post and the ensuing thread was not so much how to get out of holes (although that is useful), but more about the mentality of how to approach kayaking in general.  It’s such an intense sport, and when we’re into it we tend to fall in love with it and go full bore.  But it’s also dangerous enough that we need to always be aware of the risks in order to last in it long term.  The flip side is, if we focus on those too much, we’d seriously just stay home – it’s kind of like reading statistics about every innocent soul who pulled out of their driveway and got T-boned by some dummy going 110 miles per hour on a residential street, and then deciding to never drive again.

The reality is there – yes, it could happen (and getting caught in a vicious hole or pinned on some rock is probably way more likely than becoming a cautionary tale in suburbia) – but if you’re going to boat, you kind of have to just take that as part of the deal.

Reading the Professor Paddle thread, and from conversations with other boaters, it seems that nearly everyone has had a close call at some point and either had to deal with what is pretty much post-traumatic fear, or even take some time off boating to get their head back in the game.  Some of it is pure psychological conditioning (abject terror = very bad, do not repeat), so I thought the advice that John (‘doggievacation’ on Professor Paddle) gave was good even though I overlooked it the first time I read it.  He said:

“… boat when you feel ready, and stick to nice, familiar runs.  Make sure you have fun EVERY TIME you boat, and steer clear of any drop that makes you feel panicky.  If you can do that, I think you’ll find the worm will fade on its own, but go with your gut and take your time.”

It usually takes time to get over traumatic experiences, and just like acquiring muscle memory for the roll, part of that psychological conditioning involves pure repetition – in this case, of something good.

Anyway, it’s really helpful to be reminded of how easy it is for any of us to become complacent on a run, or accustomed to getting out of hairy situations without too much carnage.  The fact is, the wrong hole at the wrong level, at the exact wrong angle, that puts us in the wrong spot, could happen to anyone, at any time, so I really appreciate Scott sharing his story.  It applies to all kayakers at any level, and it’s especially helpful coming from the viewpoint of someone who has had a lot of experience on whitewater.

That being said, paddling scared isn’t exactly a huge help either, and there’s no way we can foresee everything on the river, so the best attitude is probably a good blend of realistic caution and a healthy dose of  “Oh, what the heck.”  (I know I tend to focus on the latter, because it requires less technical skill.)  Speaking of which, I’ve started dropping into the Lunch Hole at,  a la Dave Moroles and Rob McKibbin.  If these blog posts end unexplainedly, that might be why.


“I’ve been going on whitewater kayaking trips around Seattle nearly every week since January ’09 and I usually take video, much of which so far has ended up just stored on my hard drive.  Between that and the pictures other people take it seemed like a huge waste to just let that stuff sit around, so I’m starting this blog so we have a place to share it all… By the way, I’m not an expert paddler, just a Class III-er looking to move up.”

Kayaking and Canoeing
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An example of the Activity Profile for Kayaking

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